“A project is any activity, individual or group, involving the investigation and solution of problems, planned and carried out to conclusion under the guidance of the teacher.”
-Callahan & Clark.
Ø Project strategy is a form of scheme that allows us to collect information, investigate different levels of assignments with the manipulative drawbacks and with the ongoing process learners’ capability is highly recognized and implemented.
Ø Project can happen in any form. It can either be individual or a group work. It involves creative and reflective thinking to see upon, explore and clarify problems and draws conclusion with proper guidance of the teacher.
Ø The strategy activates active participation from the students with effectiveness in social interaction carried out in a natural setting or real life situation. This method creates always a room for opportunity to acquire or practice social skills. It enables the students to study functional aspects of the subjects learnt. The teacher acts as a facilitator or a guide and thus promotes independent learning.
Types of project strategy:
1) The Producer type
2) The Consumer type
3) The Problem type
4) The Drill type
Principles of Project Strategy/method
To help children learn effectively through project method, there are some fundamental principles that govern the success of a project method of teaching and learning. They are
1) Principle of utility:
2) Principle of readiness:
3) Principle of Learning by doing
4) Principle of Freedom at Work:
5) Principle of Socialization:
Stage I: Classroom Planning
Step 1: Providing a set of tasks/problems for study
Step 2: Selecting a task/problem for study
Step 3: Formulation of hypothesis (for problems undertaken)
Step4: Planning/designing methods to investigate
Stage II: Execution
Step 1: Collection of data
Step 2: Organizing and interpreting data
Step 3: Review
Step III: Conclusion
Step 1: reporting and incorporating additions/deletions
Step 2: Evaluation
Implemented properly, this method will ensure that learning becomes an enjoyable and an enriching experience.